The Ins And Outs Of Public Speaking

Do you want to be able to speak in front of an audience? Do you wish you knew how to display confidence in any situation? Read on to learn just how. The following tips will be very helpful. Practicing this advice can transform you into an outstanding public speaker.

Do not speak publicly and expect people to follow your thoughts. You must work hard to get their attention and even harder to keep it. You really are performing, so you need to put lots of effort into it.

Commit your speech to your memory as soon as you can. Once you have the ability to make your speech without assistance at any time, you can then start working on delivery. Having it memorized ahead of time can help you learn how to comfortably ad lib when in public.

TIP! Make sure your speech is memorized. After you know the words, work on how it comes across.

Utilize a timer so that you know the true length of the speech. This allows you to edit the speech if necessary to keep it at the right length. If you need more information, do some research and find helpful information. Don’t rush when giving speeches.

Preparation is important when you give a speech. Know what you intend to say. Conduct additional research so you are able to back up your points. Write down the things you plan on saying. Go over your remarks again and again until you have them memorized. Being prepared will make you confident when you step up to the podium.

Tell the story true to be a better speaker. Give a brief description of your story beforehand. Knowing how to speak your ideas clearly in the right order will help you better communicate your ideas. Your story should be based upon a real event, as this will help ensure that your words are natural and authentic.

It’s important to be prepared for your speech. What do you plan to say? Support your statements with facts, when necessary. Use note cards to write out anything you will be saying so that you can look over them while speaking. Practice your speech until you know it by heart. Preparation allows you to be more at ease.

TIP! You need to be properly prepared when you have a speaking engagement. Know what you intend to say.

If you suddenly feel like you left something out in your speech, keep going. By stopping in the middle of your speech to go back to the missed sentence, you may blow the whole thing. In general, the audience is not going to know that you missed a small portion of your prepared speech.

5 Seconds

If you are like millions of other people who experience anxiety before giving a public speech, brush-up on your deep breathing abilities. Taking deep breaths will allow you to relax yourself before speaking. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. Repeat this breathing technique five times to help calm your nerves.

Learn as much as you can about the subject you are presenting. It’s good to have figures, facts, and stories about your topic that you can bring up with ease. Work them in when you can to see how your audience reacts. It will also make you better prepared for any questions.

TIP! Understand the material thoroughly. Even when you memorize your speech, it is good to know facts, figures and even jokes and stories related to your topic.

Prior to launching into your material, try to win over the crowd. If possible, walk around and personally greet people, but always remember to smile. The audience is sure to show more interest when you have a good attitude.

Rehearse your presentation daily. Doing so will increase the confidence you have, as you will be very familiar with the material. Even though you might think you know your speech by heart, remember to take your speech notes with you to the podium. If you forget something, you can quickly get the information from your notes.

After your speech has been prepared, practice it until it is committed to memory. Watch yourself in the mirror to fine tune your facial expressions and gestures for the greatest effect. Get feedback from family members or friends by doing a dry run for them. They will be able suggest ways to make the speech even better.

Always make sure to look at your audience. Do not permit other things that may be occurring in the room to distract you. It is important that the audience has your undivided attention, in order for them to get the message that you would like them to get.

TIP! Always look at your audience when speaking. Avoid becoming distracted.

Now you can become the public speaker that you always wanted to be. Practice the techniques you’ve just learned. The more you practice, the higher your confidence will be. The more practice you have under your belt, the less fear you will deal with.

Make Public Speaking Easy By Using These Tips

Looking for ways to become a lot more comfortable with public speaking? Would you like to feel more confident in public speaking situations? If that is the case, then you are in the right spot. This article has some great suggestions to help you out. By practicing the following tips, you can be good at public speaking.

Time your speech. This way, you can remain within the time you are allotted. Do more research to add some more material if you’re short. Don’t rush when you make your speech.

Always face the audience consistently when speaking in public. Avoid becoming distracted. Your goal is to make believers out of your audience, and to do this, you must give them your full attention.

TIP! Always face the audience consistently when speaking in public. Do not let yourself become distracted by something else happening in the room.

If you want to give a good public speech it is very important that you adequately prepare in advance. First of all, you must clearly have in mind the message you want to convey. If necessary research your key points for better understanding of them. Write down the things you plan on saying. Practice your speech until you know it by heart. Being prepared will make you confident when you step up to the podium.

Make sure to understand what you are saying. If you have your speech committed to memory, it is still very important to understand the topic completely so you can tell stories or jokes related to it. Insert them and gauge how your audience reacts to them. They can also be used to make the speech stronger or to answer audience questions.

Know the audience that you are speaking to. If you can, it would be good if you could find out who will be attending. Greet them at the door and ask their names. The crowd will feel more friendly if you have a level of familiarity with at least some of the people.

Once you memorize your speech, then practice it over and over. You’ll get smoother at your speech by practicing it often. Be sure to master your pace and breathing. Make sure to allow a little extra time for applause during your speech. It is also advisable that your speech is practiced in the place you plan on giving it.

TIP! You should practice your speech numerous times. Try practicing tweaking your speech when you can.

You may want to consider using a story to engage your audience. Before you speak outline the story. Make sure you have an intro, body, and conclusion. If you relate the story to something personal or some other event that truly happened, your story will be more natural.

5 Seconds

If public speaking makes you nervous, use deep breathing techniques. First, take a deep breath and hold it for about three seconds. Then exhale very slowly. Do this a few times, and you’ll see that it does help. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. Do this up to six times and you can feel more relaxed.

It is important to have your main, broad concept clear in mind before writing your speech. Have a broad understanding of the topic, so you can cover it from every angle. Develop your points carefully and prepare yourself with notes you can follow. This kind of preparation is bound to pay off handsomely as your audience asks questions.

TIP! Make sure you have a good understanding about your topic when you’re preparing your speech. Do a broad type of research that allows you to see the topic from all sides.

Stay as confident as possible when in front of a crowd. Make sure that your topic is as exciting as possible, and also something that you are deeply interested in. Speak in a conversational tone to impress the audience with what you know rather than confusing them with unfamiliar terminology.

Make sure to make your audience your ally. Smile towards them when you enter. Shake a few hands if you can. The audience is sure to show more interest when you have a good attitude.

Take the time to practice your important speech. This will elevate your confidence and enable you to know the material backwards and forwards. Even if you have memorized your speech, take your note cards with you to the podium. This will give you peace of mind because you will be able to peek at your notes should you forget what you’re about to say.

Know the crowd makeup before you give the speech. Ask about the people that are going to be the audience. Prior to the speech, even say hello to some of them at the door. By knowing who you are speaking to you, you can gain confidence.

TIP! Know the audience that you are speaking to. Try to find out the names of individuals who will be listening.

Use note cards if necessary. Though you should try to memorize your speech, a hard copy will help ease your stresses. You don’t have to have the full speech spelled out, but writing down main points can help you make all of your essential points and omit nothing.

If you are nervous and think that you’re messing up, do not apologize. Even if you believe you are making many mistakes, the audience might not even notice. Do not apologize if you realize you made a mistake, but correct is promptly and continue on.

It is important to speak with confidence in a clear voice when addressing large groups. Have some water handy. Avoid drinking sodas or dairy beverages the day of your speech. It tends to make your saliva thicker, causing issues when speaking. You can also use a little bit of hot tea to relax your throat right before a big speech.

Telling the audience a true story is a great way to become good at public speaking. Have your outline fully prepared. There should be a beginning, middle and an end to communicate your ideas. If your story is one that is modeled after a true story, you will be both natural and believable.

TIP! If you talk about something that really happened in your speech, it will make it more meaningful. Make yourself a solid outline of the facts to base your speech on.

If a speech is coming up on the horizon, use visualization techniques. Picture the speech as well as the reaction of the audience. By seeing yourself speak and the audience clapping and looking interested in what you have to say, you can easily boost your confidence for the real thing.

Allow people to ask questions at any point during your speech. Otherwise, people may forget the questions they had. People will appreciate having a chance to get answers to their questions as they arise; so let them do just that.

Now you should feel confident whenever you get up to speak in front of others. Take the time to review and practice all that you’ve just read. You will become a more confident speaker if you do. It is possible to conquer your fears!

If you accidentally skip part of your speech, roll with it. Stopping during the speech to return to the point may cause you to go off the rails. In addition, others are unlikely to recognize the omission if you don’t draw attention to the issue.

Excellent Article With Many Great Tips About Public Speaking

Folks seem to either relish or despise the task of speaking in public. Those who loathe it should be happy to know that with practice, they don’t have to feel that way. These tips will enhance your public speaking skills.

You cannot give a speech and automatically assume that everyone will follow what you say. You have to put in your best effort if you want people to connect with you and stay with you throughout your speech. To get results, you must work for it.

Sometimes, people will not follow what you are speaking about. You have to capture and retain their attention. Think of this as a performance, and that means you need to work harder to get the reactions you are looking for.

TIP! Do not speak publicly and expect people to follow your thoughts. You need to work hard to attract their attention and harder to maintain it.

If you are prepping, practice a lot and memorize what you need to prior to speech day. After your speech is memorized, then you can start worrying about your actual delivery. Memorizing your speech also makes ad libbing on stage more comfortable.

Understand the topic of your speech completely. Conduct research so that you see all sides of an issue. Develop your points carefully and prepare yourself with notes you can follow. You’ll be glad you prepared when you can adequately answer questions.

5 Seconds

Utilize a timer to determine the length of your speech. This way, you can remain within the time you are allotted. If it’s too short, try finding more information to add to it. Finally, do not rush when giving your speech.

TIP! When you practice your speech, be sure to time it. This will allow you to edit your speech to keep it within the necessary time constraints.

If public speaking makes you anxious, practice doing deep breathing. You can gain control of your nerves by taking several deep breaths before you go onstage. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. You’ll feel yourself relaxing after you do this five or six times.

Practice really does make perfect. Speak to a mirror or make a recording of your speech in order to make refinements. The best way is to practice giving the speech for friends or family, and have them give constructive criticism.

Always dress to impress. A well-dressed person gives off an air of confidence and it comes through as they speak. Men ought to wear a tie since it makes the audience focus on his face and thus, his speech.

Learn as much as you can about the subject you are presenting. It’s good to have figures, facts, and stories about your topic that you can bring up with ease. You can work these things into your speech to add time, engage the audience, and make yourself sound like a real professional. Draw on your general knowledge in the Q&A session following your presentation.

TIP! Learn the material as well as possible. Even when memorizing a speech, you should know the figures, facts, stories, and jokes that relate to your topic.

Do not drink alcohol prior to giving your speech. You may think that you will be more relaxed. Many great speeches turned bad from too much alcohol; don’t make yours one of them.

Bring your audience to your corner before starting your speech. Smile as they enter, and if it’s possible, shake some hands as you welcome them. Presenting yourself in a positive light before your speech prepares the audience to listen to you with interest.

Give a great ending to your speech. While some parts are important in a speech, the ending is usually what is most remembered. If the finish is boring, you speech will soon be forgotten.

You should practice your speech numerous times. Tweak your speech if you need to. You need to work on breathing and proper pacing. Ensure your speech allows for interruptions, such as applause. Use the equipment you are going to use for the speech to practice if you can.

TIP! You should practice your speech numerous times. Practice as often as you need to in order to perfect the speech.

Never let your audience know you are nervous. Chances are, your audience doesn’t even notice. Should you make an error, simply correct it and keep going. There is no need to apologize.

Visual Aids

Visual aids shouldn’t take over your speech. These aids should only be used to help illustrate key points as an enhancement. You do not want them to overwhelm your message. Visual aids that are made well and emphasizes key points are ideal. Make them appealing and colorful, but don’t go overboard.

Gain an understanding of the audience. Ask about the people that are going to be the audience. Try and say hello to people as the enter the area and ask their names. When you do these things, you’ll feel a lot more familiar with the people and the room.

TIP! Learn your audience. Look to see if you know anyone in the audience.

Don’t make people wait to ask questions. If they have to wait, they may forget. They’ll feel a lot better if they can ask questions as they have them, so be prepared to answer.

Get yourself in the zone. Feeling nervous is perfectly fine. Everyone usually does before a speech. Avoid negative thinking about yourself and your performance. If you think you’ll do badly, you may. Know you are going to do well, and you will.

Begin with a small anecdote. This story can be from a personal experience or a hypothetical story. Help your audience empathize an understand by adding an appealing human element to the story. When coming up with a story, stay away from using information that might offend people.

Concentrating on story telling is an effective path towards better public speaking. Figure out exactly what you want to say before the day of the speech. It is important that you lead into the story with an introduction and that you end with a conclusion. If you stick to the truth, it will be easier to make your story flow well.

TIP! Focus on the truth when speaking in public. Figure out exactly what you want to say before the day of the speech.

If you find yourself nervous prior to a speech, just try to envision that you are someone within the audience. Do you think you’d make a big deal if your speaker made errors? Would you hold this against the speaker? You do not need to be overly critical of yourself.

When you are speaking, your pace is important. If you are anxious about getting up in front of others, you may talk too fast. Your audience could have trouble understanding you. Slow yourself down, but make sure you’re not slowing down too much or your audience might get bored. Practice your speech over and over again to work out the perfect rate of speech.

Public Speaking

Take a look at the environment you are about to speak in. Find out if there is a microphone. Get a good feel for any equipment you may need to use. Try learning to use visual aids, if they’re available. Figure out how far you will need to look to make eye contact.

TIP! Take a look at the environment you are about to speak in. See if your voice can reach the back of the room if there is no microphone.

Be serious about public speaking. It is necessary for you to study the topic and learn what techniques make a public speaker successful. Remember that good public speaking takes repetition and memorization. Preparation will ensure that your speech is memorable. This advice will get you on the right track.

When speaking, concentrate on your pacing. Nerves can cause people to speak too rapidly when behind the podium. This makes it hard for the audience to understand the message. Speak at a slightly slower pace than normal when delivering your speech.

Know the relevant materials by heart. It is not necessary to memorize everything, but technical jargon and difficult passages are best committed to memory. This will boost your confidence during your speech. That should help you do well and avoid mistakes.

Keep your speech moving right along even though you realize you skipped over a section. If you stop and backtrack and try to correct your error, you will end up with a big mess. In general, the audience is not going to know that you missed a small portion of your prepared speech.

TIP! If you suddenly feel like you left something out in your speech, keep going. You will ruin your momentum if you try and backtrack to include the missing information.

Speaking in public is something that can make even the toughest individuals get nervous. With the right advice, you shouldn’t dread it. Use the helpful tips in this article and speak with confidence.

Top Tips And Techniques For Successful Public Speaking

If you have always stayed away from speaking in public, just know that you aren’t the only one that feels this way. In fact, speaking in front of others is a fear that a surprising number of people actually share. Luckily, the ideas and knowledge in this article can make anyone a better public speaker.

You cannot speak in public and believe that people will automatically follow what you are saying. You need to work at keeping the audience focused on what you’re saying throughout the entire speech. You are performing in a way, and this requires effort on your part.

Time your speech to know the length of your speech. This gives you the opportunity to make edits so you can fit within your allotted speaking time. If your speech isn’t long enough, you’ll have time to do some more research to lengthen it. In addition, make sure that you don’t speak too quickly when delivering your speech.

TIP! Know the length of your speech. This will help you edit the speech to stay within the allotted time.

Understand the material thoroughly. It’s good to have figures, facts, and stories about your topic that you can bring up with ease. Use them when needed to bolster your persuasiveness. Have a question session at the end of your speech.

Once you’ve memorized your speech, make sure to practice it repeatedly. Repeated practice sessions can help you make key adjustments. You should also practice breathing and the pace of your speaking. Ensure your speech time can include time for interruptions, which will be applause, with any luck. If you can, practice your speech with the exact equipment you will have available at the time of your speech.

Be aware of who your audience really is. Try to find out the names of individuals who will be listening. If you are able to. try greeting some of them and learning some names. Include some of the people in your speech, and this will give it a much more friendly tone.

You should know your speech by heart. After you’re able to recite completely from memory, then it’s time to polish up on your delivery. By memorizing your speech ahead of time, it also gives you confidence to ad lib parts of it while you are on stage.

TIP! When preparing to speak in public, make sure to memorize your words well in advance. After you can say it from memory, figure out how you want the delivery to go.

Become familiar with the hall or room where you will be giving your public speech. Find out if there is a microphone. Use whatever equipment is available and get familiar with it. Learn the proper use of visual aids that you are incorporating. Determine how much eye contact you’ll be able to make.

If you accidentally skipped over a sentence, forget it and keep going. By stopping in the middle of your speech to go back to the missed sentence, you may blow the whole thing. Bets are that your audience will not even notice you left out something, as long as you don’t call attention to it.

Deep Breathing

Preparation is key when it comes to making a good impression when speaking in public. Have your facts and statements solidly in place. Support your statements with facts, when necessary. Use note cards to write out anything you will be saying so that you can look over them while speaking. Practice your speech over and over. All of the preparation will come in handy, and you will be more confident when up on stage.

TIP! It’s important to be prepared for your speech. Understand exactly what you are planning to say.

Practice some deep breathing to help you through your speech. Deep breathing can be tremendously helpful at controlling nerves. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. You’ll feel yourself relaxing after you do this five or six times.

Try practicing your speech every day. This will help build your confidence since the material will become second nature. However, don’t become so overconfident that you go onstage without notes. This helps if you forget something since you can peek down at them for a refresher.

After preparing your speech, practice frequently and thoroughly to commit it to memory. It’s best to practice while looking in the mirror. This way, you can figure out which facial expressions and gestures work best. Ask family and friends for feedback as well. Good preparation ensures that you will make the best presentation possible.

Understand the audience you are speaking to. Ask about the people that are going to be the audience. If possible, greet a couple of them and find out what their names are. Having a personal familiarity with a few people in the crowd can make it a lot more friendly feeling.

TIP! Be aware of who your audience really is. If it’s possible to know, learn about some of the specific people that will be there.

To help people remember what you said, make a fantastic ending. While some parts are important in a speech, the ending is usually what is most remembered. If you end in a boring manner, people will not remember your speech for very long.

Note Cards

Use note cards if necessary. While you should have your speech memorized, you should carry a set of note cards with you to the podium. Having the main points on note cards will help you get through the speech.

Try telling true stories to better your public speaking. Make yourself a solid outline of the facts to base your speech on. Give a good introduction and conclusion to surround the story. If your speech is based on your real-life events, then you will seem more authentic and natural.

TIP! Try telling true stories to better your public speaking. Prior to the day of your speech, make an outline of your story.

Make sure your visual aids are not so dazzling as to be distracting. Remember that they should support the speech you’re giving. If you’re offering up too much as far as visual aids, they will be distracting and overwhelming. Get your point across with reliable visual aids. They shouldn’t take away from your message.

Do not even think about trying to wing it. That is not a good idea, even if you’re passionate about the subject. The speech may end up being okay. However, once you are done, you are going to regret the important things you forgot to bring up.

To better connect with the audience, try inserting a story into your speech. You can use a story spawn from your personal experiences, a current event, or even a hypothetical scenario. This makes you more appealing to your audience. Avoid inappropriate or offensive anecdotes when you create your story.

An excellent way to calm nerves before public speaking is by breathing deeply. First, take a deep breath and hold it for about three seconds. Then exhale very slowly. Do this a few times, and you’ll see that it does help. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. Do this six times, and you’ll start to become very calm.

TIP! If you are like millions of other people who experience anxiety before giving a public speech, brush-up on your deep breathing abilities. Take several breaths and exhale before you start to calm your nerves.

If you feel the nerves creeping up on you, put yourself in the audience. If you were, would you laugh at the speaker if it wasn’t appropriate? Would this cause you to see the speaker in a negative light? You do not need to be overly critical of yourself.

Have you been in a class and dread the public speaking part? Do you rarely contribute because speaking up makes you nervous? You don’t have to be quiet anymore, now that you have read the above article.

Public Speaking Tips, Tricks And Techniques For You

Are you looking to learn more about speaking in public? This is difficult for many people to do. However, it can really be helpful in boosting confidence. It should not be intimidating to speaking to a crowd of people. The following tips will help you.

Preparation is important when you give a speech. Be prepared when it comes to your topic. Make sure you can back up your point of view with facts. Write down your speech. Try practicing this speech until you know it by heart. You will be much more confident when giving your speech if you are properly prepared.

Time your speech. This allows you to edit the speech if necessary to keep it at the right length. If you find your presentation is short, get some more material by doing more research. It is important not to rush through your speech.

TIP! Try using a timer to time the length of your speech. This way, you’ll be able to edit it if need be.

Learn the material as well as possible. Even if your speech is memorized, knowing key facts and elements will help tremendously. Work them in on the fly depending on how you gauge your audience. They can also be used to make the speech stronger or to answer audience questions.

While delivering your speech, look at your audience. Keep your focus on what you are doing and not allow yourself to get distracted. It is important to pay attention to the audience if you expect their attention in return.

When making a speech, know the concepts of your topics to start with. This will help you to become more comfortable. Carefully hone in on your own points and prepare your remarks carefully in clear notes that you will be able to follow easily. The time spent preparing will pay dividends once you start receiving questions.

Know your material inside and out. Regardless of whether you have the words memorized, it is still important to know random facts about the material. It is possible to work them into your speech as you get a feel for your audience. It’s also good to use them to help reinforce your points in your speech by offering a question and answer session as a follow up.

TIP! Know as much about your material as possible. It is useful to know all the facts, figures and a few jokes or stories relating to your topic, whether your speech is memorized or not.

Gain an understanding of the audience. If at all possible, find out who the people are in the crowd. If possible, greet them when they arrive. It can make it easier to talk in front of your audience.

If you talk about something that really happened in your speech, it will make it more meaningful. Before you give a speech, make an outline. It should have a beginning, middle, and ending that is clear so that you get your ideas out better. Be sure you use true life events in order to sound really authentic.

5 Seconds

When addressing an audience, face them during every word of your speech. Don’t let yourself become distracted by other activity in the room. It is critical that you maintain the full attention of your audience because you are attempting to persuade them with regard to an issue.

TIP! Always face the audience consistently when speaking in public. Don’t let yourself become distracted by other activity in the room.

If public speaking makes you nervous, use deep breathing techniques. First, take a deep breath and hold it for about three seconds. Then exhale very slowly. Do this a few times, and you’ll see that it does help. First, inhale and hold it for 5 seconds. Then slowly exhale for about 5 seconds. Repeat this until you feel your breathing and heart rate calm down.

Practice all that you can prior to your speech. Practice giving your speech on your own so you are able to make improvements where needed. However, it is best to practice before loved ones, so they can give you constructive advice.

Stay away from alcoholic beverages before making your speech. You may think that you will be more relaxed. Nothing is more awful than reaching the podium and drawing a blank on what to say, simply because you are drunk.

After you memorize your speech, you should practice it over and over. Tweak your speech if you need to. Be sure to practice your pace and breathing. Prepare your speech to include pauses in case of interruptions, which hopefully are filled with applause. If you can, practice your speech with the exact equipment you will have available at the time of your speech.

TIP! Practice your speech frequently once you have it memorized. Try practicing tweaking your speech when you can.

Prior to getting up and speaking, try and connect with the audience. Smile and shake some hands when you enter the room. You will be more effective if you have already made a positive impact on them.

Rehearse your speech on a daily basis. You will know every nuance of the speech if you do this, which will help make you more confident. While you may actually memorize the speech, you need to keep your notes on hand. This will give you peace of mind because you will be able to peek at your notes should you forget what you’re about to say.

Take the time to memorize your speech. Watch yourself in a mirror during practice sessions to feel confident about hand gestures, facial expressions or other body language. Ask your friends and relations to listen to your speech and provide feedback. They can give you some pointers that you may not have noticed and help you improve.

When making a speech, know the concepts of your topics to start with. Do a broad type of research that allows you to see the topic from all sides. Carefully hone in on your own points and prepare your remarks carefully in clear notes that you will be able to follow easily. Thoroughly preparing yourself will be a big pay off if your audience decides to ask you questions.

Note Cards

Note cards are great tools for speeches. Though memorizing your speech is always wise, keeping a written copy on hand is also smart. While you don’t necessarily need the entire speech, having key points of it that you want to emphasize should at least be written down on note cards to ensure that you don’t forget to cover the important stuff.

Hopefully, you now feel like public speaking is something that you can conquer. You can overcome your fear of public speaking. Use what you have learned and grow in your skill level. Then, share these tips with others.

Know what type of audience you will be talking to. If you can, learn who is going to be in attendance. Try and say hello to people as the enter the area and ask their names. Getting familiarized with some of the audience can make the event feel friendlier.